To date, my research in modern and contemporary European history has focused on the overlapping fields of migration and citizenship, the creation of racial and national identities, colonization and decolonization, international business and labor, and European integration. For example, my work seeks answers to questions such as the following:
I seek answers to these questions through multi-lingual and multi-archival research.
I am currently working on a book manuscript, Migration and the Transformation of the Western Mediterranean: Economic Development, Decolonization, and European Integration, 1945-1975. The manuscript is a transnational study of the three decades after World War II that established contemporary patterns of migration in France and the western Mediterranean and the ways in which they are politicized. Based on dissertation research in six languages, in twenty archives, this “crossed or “entangled” history analyzes how migrants from Algeria, Spain, and Italy were differently politicized and integrated in the French workplace and nation-state due to the processes of decolonization and intersecting ideas about race, gender, and skill.
I am also in the midst of researching and publishing a quartet of articles on how migration policies in the western Mediterranean intersected with ideas about race, the labor market, and welfare. The first article, “Making ‘Mediterranean Migrants,’” was published in December 2014 and traces how racialized conceptions of migrants in France were informed by changing conceptions of the Mediterranean as the border of Europe. A related piece in progress examines the relationship between nineteenth-century racialized discourses and policies of migration in Algeria and early twentieth-century discourses and policies in metropolitan France. An article on vocational training for adult Algerian migrants provides an opportunity not only to analyze how the tensions of colonialism prompted innovations in metropolitan training programs, but also to understand French citizenship, developmental policy, and the trans-Mediterranean labor market. A final article, “Protecting the Nation’s Own, Abroad,” will examine how Spanish policymakers and the press “discovered” mass migration in France in approximately the decade after World War I and the resulting transformations in migratory policies.
The next book project, which I am beginning to research, examines the social and legal fate of migrants during economic crises.